The entire fragile political power balance of world football has been thrown back into confusion by Mohamed Bin Hammam’s success in having his life ban from the game – imposed by FIFA last year – overturned by the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
The verdict from sport’s supreme court was delivered two days earlier than orginally scheduled and, presumably, opens the way for the Qatari to reclaim his presidency of the Asian football confederation. This is currently held, on an acting basis, by China’s Zhang Jilong.
The potential for Bin Hammam to upset FIFA president Sepp Blatter’s reform process is limitless.
Further turmoil could be further around the corner because the verdict on Bin Hammam might even offer Jack Warner the opportunity to claim full justification of his own decision, in the summer of last year, not to face the ethics tribunal which imposed the original life ban on Bin Hammam.
Indeed, the procedures and standards of CAS itself may also come under scrutiny because the appeal panel voted 2-1 to uphold Bin Hamma’s appeal, but stated in a narrative judgment that this was a case of ‘not proven’ rather than ‘not guilty.
All highly unsatisfying for everybody.
Warner, Trinidadian who was then president of both CONCACAF and the Caribbean Football Union, and Bin Hammam had faced bribery allegations following a conference at which the Qatari told the CFU all about his ambitions to unseat Sepp Blatter as FIFA president.
That conference was staged in Port of Spain, arranged by Warner. At the conclusion delegates from the CFU member associations were offered envelopes each containing $40,000 to cover expenses in attending the event.
Chuck Blazer, then the general secretary of CONCACAF, then went into whistle-blowing mode and the ethics code charges followed investigations by Chicago-based lawyer John Collins and then ex-FBI boss Louis Freeh.
Blazer later quit his CONCACAF role but remains a member of the FIFA executive committee as CONCACAF delegate from North America; Collins is closely advised by Jeff Webb who was elected in May to succeed Warner as president of CONCACAF.
Bin Hammam had an initial appeal against his life ban rejected by FIFA’s appeals panel; CAS then ruled against his attempt to prevent the Asian confederation considering the organisation of presidential elections of its own. Just about every appointment made within the Asian and possibly central and North American regions may now be open to challenge.
This is world football’s equivalent of Bobby Ewing walking out of the shower in the long-running TV soap opera, Dallas.
CAS statement in full
The CAS has upheld Mr Bin Hammam’s appeal, annulled the decision rendered by the FIFA Appeal Committee and lifted the life ban imposed on Mr Bin Hammam.
During his campaign for the FIFA presidential election, Mr Bin Hammam attended a meeting of the Caribbean Football Union (“CFU”) in Trinidad and Tobago on 10 and 11 May 2011. On 10 May 2011, he made a speech about his candidacy. Following the speech and Mr Bin Hammam’s departure from the conference room, Mr Jack Warner, who was at the time a member of the FIFA Executive Committee, announced that there were “gifts” for representatives of the attending associations.
In the afternoon of 10 May 2011, the CFU General Secretary collected from Mr Warner’s office a locked suitcase, containing a number of unmarked envelopes, each containing USD 40’000, which were distributed to the CFU delegates on the same day.
On 11 May 2011, after Mr Bin Hammam had already left Trinidad and Tobago, Mr Warner called an unexpected meeting during which he declared that Mr Bin Hammam had provided money to the CFU in lieu of traditional “gifts”.
On 15 May 2011, Mr Chuck Blazer, also a member of the FIFA Executive Committee, hired an attorney to investigate these events, who later issued a report concluding that Mr Bin Hammam had offered bribes in order to buy votes.
On 29 May 2011, the FIFA Ethics Committee announced its decision to provisionally suspend Mr Bin Hammam from all football-related activities. Beforehand, Mr Bin Hammam had withdrawn his candidacy for the FIFA Presidency. On 18 August 2011, the FIFA Ethics Committee informed Mr Bin Hammam that he was banned for life further to several violations of the FIFA Code of Ethics.
By decision of 15 September 2011, the FIFA Appeal Committee confirmed the sanction.
On 9 November 2011, Mr Bin Hammam appealed the decision to the CAS.
Following the closure of the written pleadings, a hearing took place in Lausanne from 18 to 19 April 2012, in the presence of the parties, their representatives and witnesses. Mr Sepp Blatter testified at the hearing by video-conference, while Mr Warner and Mr Blazer declined to appear. Mr Bin Hammam chose not to attend the hearing.
The CAS Panel, composed of Mr José Maria Alonso, Spain (President), Mr Philippe Sands QC, United Kingdom, and Mr Romano Subiotto QC, Belgium/United Kingdom, after thorough deliberations and on the basis of the evidence before it, was unable to conclude to its comfortable satisfaction that the charges against Mr. Bin Hammam were established.
The CAS Panel has established that:
– Mr. Bin Hammam invited Mr Warner to convene a special meeting of CFU members, with the purpose of offering Mr Bin Hammam an opportunity to make a presentation to the CFU delegates in view of the forthcoming election to the FIFA Presidency.
– Mr Warner arranged for each of the members present to be offered a personal gift of USD 40,000 and said that the gift was from the CFU. The following morning, at an urgent meeting, Mr Warner changed his story, telling those present that the gift was from Mr Bin Hammam.
However, the CAS Panel has not been presented with any direct evidence to link Mr Bin Hammam with the money’s physical presence in Trinidad and Tobago, its transfer in a suitcase or otherwise to Mr Warner, and its subsequent offer to the CFU members for the purpose of inducing them to vote for Mr Bin Hammam.
In particular, the Panel emphasized that “no efforts were made to trace the source of [the] banknotes that were photographed, and recognises that it is possible to infer that the failure of Mr. Bin Hammam to carry out that relatively simple exercise in the course of these proceedings might be explained by the fact that it would have confirmed that he was the source”.
The CAS Panel stated that “this conclusion should not be taken to diminish the significance of its finding that it is more likely than not that Mr. Bin Hammam was the source of the monies that were brought into Trinidad and Tobago and eventually distributed at the meeting by Mr Warner, and that in this way, his conduct, in collaboration with and most likely induced by Mr Warner, may not have complied with the highest ethical standards that should govern the world of football and other sports.
This is all the more so at the elevated levels of football governance at which individuals such as Mr. Bin Hammam and Mr. Warner have operated in the past. The Panel therefore wishes to make clear that in applying the law, as it is required to do under the CAS Code, it is not making any sort of affirmative finding of innocence in relation to Mr Bin Hammam.
The Panel is doing no more than concluding that the evidence is insufficient in that it does not permit the majority of the Panel to reach the standard of comfortable satisfaction in relation to the matters on which the Appellant was charged. It is a situation of “case not proven”, coupled with concern on the part of the Panel that the FIFA investigation was not complete or comprehensive enough to fill the gaps in the record.”
In its conclusion, the Panel noted that FIFA was in the process of reforming its Ethics Committee and that, in the event new evidence relating to the present case was discovered, it would be possible to re-open the case, in order to complete the factual background and to establish if Mr Bin Hamman has committed any violation of the FIFA Code of Ethics.
The CAS Panel reached its decision by a majority of 2-1.
FIFA response statement
FIFA expresses concern over CAS decision in Bin Hammam case
FIFA has noted with concern the decision announced today by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in the Mohamed Bin Hammam case.
FIFA notes that the CAS verdict indicates that Mohamed Bin Hammam has not been proven innocent and that “it is more likely than not that the Appellant (Mohamed Bin Hammam) was at the source of the monies that were brought into Trinidad and Tobago and eventually distributed at the meeting” (of the Caribbean Football Union on 10 and 11 May 2011).
Furthermore, in its conclusion, the CAS Panel notes that “FIFA was in the process of reforming its Ethics Committee and that, in the event new evidence relating to the present case was discovered, it would be possible to re-open the case, in order to complete the factual background properly and to establish if Mr Bin Hammam has committed any violation of the FIFA Code of Ethics.”
Moreover, FIFA has taken note of the decision by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) earlier this week to open a disciplinary case against Mohamed Bin Hammam and to provisionally suspend him from taking part in any football activity for another matter.
The chairman of the FIFA Disciplinary Committee extended this provisional suspension to worldwide level yesterday, 18 July 2012. Therefore, Mohamed Bin Hammam remains suspended until the current case has been concluded.
This new case being investigated by the relevant AFC bodies is based on a report from an international auditing company in relation to activities carried out over a number of years in the recent past, and also includes a number of irregularities.
At FIFA level, all relevant files will now be handed over to the new FIFA Ethics Committee, which will start operating on 25 July 2012. The FIFA Ethics Committee will then decide based on the reports and evidence presented to it if any action is required to be taken against Mohamed Bin Hammam.