Europe's pre-eminence is being challenged by the popularity of leagues in China, India and the United States.

According to research undertaken by the Football Benchmark team of KPMG Sports practice, the leagues of the United States, India and China, now rival the Big Five European leagues when it comes to attracting supportes through the turnstiles.

The USA’s Major League Soccer (MLS), India’sSuper League (ISL) and China’s Super League (CSL) have all surpassed 20,000 in terms of average attendance.

Although still behind the Germany’s Bundesliga and England’s Premier League, the latest figures show that the three emerging leagues are now attracting crowds comparable to the those in Spain’s La Liga, Italy’s Serie A and France’s Ligue 1.

With an average crowd of 21,536 spectators, the MLS broke its own previous attendance record from the 2014 season with year-on-year growth of 12.8%. The addition of two new successful franchises – New York City FC and Orlando City – has been the main driver in the increased number of fans at North American stadia, but even if the new clubs are excluded, attendances are still up year on year..

Portland Timbers fans

The Chinese Super League has in 2015 experienced the highest growth in average attendance of all the named competitions. A 16.7% increase compared to the 2014 season has taken the average attendance above 21,800, just a few hundred spectators fewer than that of Italy’s Serie A and France’s Ligue 1.

Meanwhile, the Indian Super League has recently completed its second season and seen attendances rise, with an average crowd of 26,376, which is above La Liga figures for the 2014/15 season.

Attendances

An analysis of the respective attendances over the last three seasons suggests different trends when comparing the emerging leagues with those of the traditional football powerhouses.

Of the ‘big five’, France’s Ligue 1 has been the only division to grow at a pace comparable to MLS and CSL recently (17.9% growth over the 2011/12 season).

In the 2014/15 season, attendances in La Liga and Serie A recorded average attendances had actually gone down from the the 2011/2012 campaign.

The Bundesliga, with 42,700 spectators on average and an average stadium utilization exceeding 90% and the Premier League, averaging 36,000 spectators and 96% stadium utilization, currently remain by far the top performing leagues in terms of attendance.

Marco Materazzi

Italian World Cup winner Marco Materazzi is one of the big names who attracted fan sto matches in India’s Super League.

The increasing popularity generated by the arrival of internationally recognized players and managers, combined with the growing interest of sponsors and availability of unutilized capacity at certain venues means that the MLS, CSL and ISL can expect to see continued growth in the coming seasons.